Male vs female cats


Are you considering adopting a feline family member? Or are you among a family of felines? Or are you willing to be a cat-parent? Either way, the gender of the cat is an important factor to consider. So make sure you ask yourself this question; male vs female cats?

Some cat parents have reported differences between their male and female cats. However, are these differences associated with their gender? What makes male cats differ from female cats. Is there a specific reason for this difference? Let’s find it out.


  1. Difference between male and female cats
  2. Difference between male and female cats behavior
  3. Male cats vs female cats pros and cons
  4. Are male or female cats more affectionate
  5. Male and female cats living together
  6. Male vs female kitten parts
  7. Do male cats scratch more than females
  8. Conclusion

Difference between male and female cats

female cats

Male cats if not ‘Tom cats’ differ from females cats. These differences can be divided as physical, mental and behavioral.  Yet, considering how these differences affect the genders is important.

Before adopting a kitty cat to your family, it is mandatory to check their gender. Some cat-parents have a liking for females more than Toms. But before arriving to conclusion let’s learn what these subtle variations are.

  1. Male vs female cat appearance
  • Tom cats are larger in size.
  • A typical domestic male cat weighs about eleven to fifteen pounds.
  • While an adult female cat weighs about eight to 12 pounds.
  • Yet, both genders have an ideal height between 8 to 10 inches.
  • The most common way to distinguish them is by checking at their genital organs.
  • A female cat has the vagina and anus close to each other.
  • A male cat will have a penis with the scrotum which is quite visible.
  • It is also possible to identify the gender of a feline based on their facial features.
  • Males have cheeks that are rounder and more full.
  • Round cheeks in males is due to the testosterone hormone.
  • Furthermore, male cats have broader noses.
  • The faces of males appear rounder than that of she-cats.
  • Tomcats have high and strong cheek bones with thick necks.
  • A broad forehead is significant in male cats.
  • Despite that, female cats have less round faces.
  • Their facial features are softer and more feminine looking.
  • Faces of toms can be quite tough-looking.
  • But these differences in facial features are not visible in every breed of cats.
  • Another remarkable difference is the variation of coat colors in cats.
  • If your kitty is orange, there is a high possibility for it to be a Tom.
  • Orange colored coat is linked with the gene responsible for the male gender.
  • But rarely, female cats have orange coats too.
  • If your kitty has a tri-color coat, then it is more likely to be a female.
  • However, Tom cats can also appear in tri color coats.

2. Male vs female cat personality

  • Personalities of cats belonging to the same bred and of opposite genders tend to vary.
  • In fact, females have a reserved personality.
  • Whereas toms are sociable extroverts.
  • If you are looking for a friendly feline, tom cats are the best ones.
  • For example, male Maine Coons are friendlier than female Maine Coons.
  • Males also tend to show affection than female felines.
  • For instance, male Siamese cats love to cuddle more than females of the same breed.
  • But there are exceptions to this.
  • Some females will be more affectionate than toms.
  • It is clear that cat personality is not always connected with their genders. Some personalities differ according to the breed. Or from an individual cat to the other.

Difference between male and female cats behavior

  1. As kittens and adults
  • There aren’t many significant differences between male and females in kitten stage.
  • However, they display behavioral differences when they turn mature.
  • Generally, males are playful and sociable.
  • Some toms tend to run around the house and some may even play fetch with you.
  • Tomcats get along with other feline family members than females.
  • But, they also have a tendency to fight off any feral or stray cats that enter their territory.
  • Female cats are less friendly.
  • They might even be friendly only with their owners.
  • These she-cats will stick into one part of the house and mark her territory.
  • Female cats are not friendly with strangers and other pets in the house.
  • But these differences in behavior are not limited to the gender.
  • Some female cats might turn out to be more playful than Toms.

2. As adults in heat.

  • Male cats tend to spray all over the house when they are heat.
  • Some may try to go outdoors by begging.
  • Other toms will turn aggressive and try to escape through opened doors and windows.
  • Females will purr more than usual when they are in heat.
  • You would find them rubbing against your legs.
  • Or they would rub themselves among walls.
  • Females tend to be more vocal around this stage.
  • Sometimes they may give out cries all night.
  • Yet, all cats do not display these behaviors.
  • It is important to know that even female cats will spray and turn aggressive.
  • Also, some toms will be more loving to their owner when they are in heat.

3. As spayed adults

  • After they get spayed, Toms will be less playful.
  • Spayed males will be more aloof and prefer being alone.
  • They won’t show any signs of aggression and frustration.
  • Female cats, once spayed, will display a relaxed state of mind.
  • She will be less vocal and won’t yearn for mates.

Male cats vs female cats pros and cons

Female cats

  1. Pros
  • Will be affectionate.
  • Won’t get into fights with other cats and animals.
  • They act more calm and relaxed.
  • They won’t spray urine all over the house.

2. Cons

  • They tend to be very loud when they are in heat.
  • They will yowl and cry loudly to get attention from the neighborhood Tomcats.
  • They will continue to yowl all night making it hard for the owners to sleep.
  • Females are not friendly with most humans.
  • They can get pregnant.
  • They have a risk of getting uterine cysts, mammary cancer, and endometritis.

Male cats

1. Pros

  • Will play with you.
  • They are more affectionate and sociable.
  • Will get along with other cats in the family.
  • Will be friendly with the rest of the human family.
  • They are active and predictable.

2. Cons

  • When in heat, males will turn aggressive.
  • They might end up spraying urine all over the household.
  • Toms will leave your house and disappear for days on end.
  • They might even come back injured from fights with other cats.
  • Male cats are used to wander outside. They will even bring infectious diseases inside.
  • Some cats will be active all night and run inside the house.
  • Toms will get into fights with cats that joins the family later.
  • They have a risk of getting stud tail and urinary tract diseases.

Are male or female cats more affectionate

Generally, in most breeds, males are more affectionate than females. But is it really true? Does the ability to show affection depend on their gender? Or is it a common myth?

  1. Ability to show affection
  • There is a belief that male cats are more affectionate than females.
  • In this case, most females act protective.
  • Yet, these she-cats are very affectionate to their closest humans.
  • They will bond up strongly with their favorite person.
  • To their favorite people, female cats are the most affectionate creatures on earth.
  • Male cats are considered as sociable and affectionate.
  • Yet, some toms are not friendly even with the people closest to them.
  • Thus, being affectionate is not affected by the gender.

2. Factors affecting the personality of a cat

  • The environment in which the cat grew.
  • The behavior and lifestyle of their owners.
  • How their owners treat their cats.

3. The final conclusion; who is more affectionate ?

  • Cats are like people.
  • They are born with diverse personalities.
  • Some cats have an aggressive personality while others are friendly.
  • Not all males are dominating.
  • And not all females are protective.
  • But, there can be some common personality traits among cats in the same gender.
  • Also, some breeds of cats can be friendlier than others.
  • Therefore, don’t create unnecessary assumptions based on gender.
  • Because both male and female cats can be affectionate just the same way.

Male and female cats living together

Is your kitty lonely? It is important to be cautious when finding a suitable buddy for your furry friend. Most cats don’t get along with other cats well. Sometimes, felines tend to fight or get jealous with the newcomer.

Can male and female cats live together? It depends. Let’s find out the possible instances.

  1. They are littermates
  • Littermates get along well.
  • Male and female littermates also get along since they form a special bond.
  • Yet, when in heat, cat siblings can end up mating.
  • It is important to avoid such mating as it will result in kittens with genetic problems.
  • If possible, separate littermates of opposite genders when they are in heat.

2. Adopted separately

  • If you’ve adopted another cat when you’ve already had one, be careful.
  • Females don’t get along with another female most of the time.
  • However, cats of the opposite gender get along quite well.
  • Before adopting, choose a cat who is older than the cat at home.
  • It’s even more better if the second cat is from the opposite gender.
  • Male cats have a compatibility with another male with the same age.
  • Before you adopt, make sure your kitty is excited about the new cat.
  • Don’t put them together on the first day you adopt.
  • Make sure the second cat gets used to the house.
  • Don’t force your kitty to share their things with the newcomer.
  • Always keep an eye around the two cats until both are in good terms.

Male vs female kitten parts

The best way to identify if your kitten is a he or a she is to check their genitalia. But how do you check their gender without hurting their sweet paws?

  • Try to check the kitten’s genitalia when they are about two weeks old.
  • Gently, move their tail upwards and examine.
  • If your kitten is female, their genitalia would look like an upside down exclamation mark.
  • If your kitten is male, their genitalia would appear as a colon or two dots.
  • It is quite impossible to see a male kitten’s penis and scrotum.
  • Thus, don’t arrive to conclusions if you don’t see a penis. It might actually be a tom kitten.
  • If your kitty is sensitive to touch, don’t try to bother them by checking their gender.
  • Instead, postpone this for some other day.

Do male cats scratch more than females

female cats

Male cats are a lot more aggressive than females. When they are in heat, these behavioral patterns are quite noticeable. What are the dominating behaviors that we see in felines as they age? Among them scratching is a significant behavior. Both male and female cats have a habit of scratching their claws out.

Why do cats scratch?

  • Wild cats had the urgency to scratch around the barks of the trees in the forest.
  • These felines did this in order to mark their territory in the forest.
  • Male cats also display this behavior even inside their houses.
  • A cat may end up scratching furniture and carpets.
  • Another reason for scratching is to attract their owner’s attention.
  • For instance, cats will scratch the carpet continuously when their owner is around.
  • Otherwise, cats scratch to wear out the old claws and to sharpen them.
  • Yet, if your cat is scratching too much suddenly, it might be due to anxiety.
  • It is important to consult a vet if the scratching becomes more often.
  • Male cats scratch more than females. Yet, it all depends on their personality and the environment they live in.

How to stop them from scratching?

  • The best thing to do is to encourage them to scratch something else.
  • Don’t try to stop them from scratching.
  • Offer them alternatives such as scratching posts and boards.
  • Don’t keep them among furniture.
  • Try to have them near the scratching post and allow them to scratch it.


Male vs female cats; there’s nothing much of a difference. But some variations will be more evident as kittens mature into cats. Yet, these changes in behavior are not limited to a certain gender.

It is important to know that personality and behavior is not linked to gender. Some females will act more playful than the default female cat. Toms will act loving to their owners when they are in heat. Some toms will not display any aggressive behavior at all.

Therefore, when adopting a kitten, be sure to raise it well. Owners and physical environment is what causes changes in a cat’s personality. If you take care of them well, they will love you wholeheartedly.

Hi, do you want to whether honey is safe for cats, click here to learn more

Share this article

Recent posts

Cat peeing on clothes

Friendliest cat breeds

Can cats eat cherries

Male vs female cats

Is honey safe for cats

Popular categories


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Recent comments